With monkeypox continuing To spread around the world, it is inevitable that pet owners will wonder about passing the disease to their pets – just like Covid-19.
But monkeypox is not Covid-19, and the transmission of monkeypox appears differently from SARS-CoV-2. With this context: Are pets likely to get monkeypox, and if so, how can we protect them?
inverse Speak with veterinarians to answer these questions and provide you with the most up-to-date information. Here’s everything you need to know about monkeypox and pets.
“At this time, the risks to most dogs and cats are considered low,” Ellen Carlinis a research assistant professor in the Center for Global Health Science and Security at Georgetown University inverse. “We need to be on the alert for more cases, and there may be some cases that go unreported,” Carlin says. She researches the epidemiology of emerging diseases and is a licensed veterinarian.
Can my pet get monkeypox?
Yes, although transmission from humans to pets does not appear to occur on a large scale yet, based on officially reported cases.
“So far, we don’t see any official reports of monkeypox being transmitted from pets to humans, and while it now appears that there is a possibility of monkeypox being transmitted from humans to pets, it appears to be extremely rare,” Yue Shepparda small animal veterinarian and educational director for the Association of Asian Veterinary Medical Professionals inverse.
“None of our pet owners have expressed concern [about monkeypox]” sari canverveterinarian and expert in small mammals at Exotic Animal Veterinary Center says inverse.
a study in scalpel Last month, he documented the first known case of monkeypox transmission between humans. Two men in France fell ill and developed symptoms such as headache, fever, rectal ulcers and rashes on the legs and arms.
About 12 days after first showing symptoms, their dog — a four-year-old Italian greyhound — began showing typical monkeypox symptoms such as lesions, rectal ulcers, and blisters on the abdomen. The researchers confirmed through a polymerase chain reaction test that the dog tested positive for the disease.
How is monkeypox transmitted to pets?
The CDC writes on its website:
Infected animals can spread monkeypox virus to people, and it is possible for infected people to spread monkeypox virus animals through close contact, including caressing, cuddling, cuddling, kissing, licking, sharing sleeping areas, and sharing food.”
While the disease can be spread by respiratory droplets during prolonged face-to-face contact, the most common route of transmission of the type currently spreading in the United States appears to be through skin-to-skin contact, specifically, contact with the lesions of infected persons. .
In the Lancet In the study, infected individuals sleep with their dog in the same bed, which increases the likelihood of transmission. Monkeypox can also be spread through contact with an infected person’s bedding or clothing.
Understanding how monkeypox spreads from humans to animals can help us understand why the disease has spread to new non-endemic areas in recent months. Animals can serve as a “reservoir” for diseases, which can be transmitted to humans or other animals.
“Understanding animal reservoirs, including household pets, is critical,” Abrar Kran Tells inverse, specifically “because we don’t know much about how long different species can transmit the virus, and in what ways.” Karan is a fellow in infectious diseases at Stanford University, and his research focuses on monkeypox diagnostics and epidemiology in the Bay Area.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox in pets?
“We know very little about whether and how monkeypox infects dogs and cats,” Carlin says.
according to American Veterinary Medical AssociationHumans and animals usually do not show symptoms during the monkeypox incubation period, which lasts seven to 14 days. After this, symptoms may appear, although they may differ from those of humans.
The AVMA wrote: “Initial signs of infection in animals differ slightly from those in humans, and are likely to vary across animal species.”
The most common symptoms among animal species are fever and swollen lymph nodes, although a rash is also common later in the disease progression. Other symptoms may include:
- lethargy or tiredness
- Runny nose
- red eyes
- lack of appetite
The AVMA writes: “If your pet develops at least two of these signs or develops a pimple or blister-like rash within 21 days after potential contact with someone with monkeypox, contact your veterinarian immediately.”
From the affected dog in France, we know that infected pets can develop lesions on the skin. But transmission of monkeypox to pets is still rare, although you’ll likely see a vet if you notice any pests suddenly appearing on your pet. Be careful – but stay calm.
“What we don’t want pet owners to get into is every time they see a bump on their pet’s skin,” says Carlin.
Can pets transmit monkeypox to humans?
We have little documented evidence of this recent outbreak of monkeypox that spread from pets to humans, but in 2003, Nearly 50 people He contracted monkeypox after coming into contact with infected prairie dogs. So we know that animals in a home environment can infect humans.
AVMA wrote in statement on monkeypox.
What pets are most at risk of getting monkeypox?
The name “monkeypox” is somewhat of a misnomer. While primates can contract and spread disease, many other animals — especially rodents — can be carriers of monkeypox.
The CDC wrote: “Small mammals can carry the virus, sometimes without obvious symptoms, while non-human primates can get monkeypox and show signs of illness just like humans.”
We know that dogs are susceptible to monkeypox from Lancet study. The CDC says it is “unknown” whether cats can contract monkeypox, although the AVMA writes that it is “prudent to assume that a cat might contract monkeypox” based on their general susceptibility to infection with orthopoxviruses – a class of viruses. Similar including smallpox.
Prior to this latest outbreak, monkeypox typically circulated among small mammals and rodents — such as squirrels, mice, and rats — in the wild in West and Central Africa. But in the elderly Research Conducted in a laboratory setting, rabbits and mice were found to be susceptible to disease (even though they are not guinea pigs or hamsters).
“Rabbites and ferrets in the lab environment can become infected with the virus,” Kanfer says.
But for many species of domestic pets, we simply don’t know yet if they can contract monkeypox. For a broader list of animals susceptible to monkeypox, please refer to CDC . website.
How can I protect my pet from monkeypox?
If you are exposed to monkeypox, you should take steps to protect your pet from infection – that is, by isolating it and preventing it from coming into contact with bedding or clothing you may have used recently.
“Wash your hands regularly, and if you test positive or you develop suspicious symptoms, stay isolated from your pets,” Sheppard says.
You should not try to take care of them yourselves; Ideally, you should ask an uninfected family member to take care of your pet temporarily, according to the CDC. But depending on the circumstances, it may not be “logistically feasible” to isolate yourself from your pet, according to Karlin. This may include living alone or with people at a higher risk of developing serious disease from monkeypox – such as young children and immunocompromised individuals.
In this case, you should likely follow the AVMA’s guidelines, which recommend that if you have not exposed your pet – that is, they were not in close contact with them after you became infected – then you can ask a friend who lives outside the home to temporarily take care of your pet until you recover.
“This is a reasonable precaution, but it may not be possible for everyone,” Carlin adds.
Follow CDC guidelines at disinfect your home before your pet returns.
What should I do if my pet has monkeypox?
If your pet begins to show symptoms of monkeypox or has been exposed to someone with monkeypox, it is important that you isolate them first from humans and other animals to limit the spread of the disease. The CDC recommends placing your pet in quarantine for 21 days after contact with an exposed person.
You should also contact your vet immediately for further medical advice and to confirm if your pet has monkeypox.
“If an owner has reason to believe that their pet has been exposed to someone with monkeypox and develops lesions, they can be examined by a vet who will determine if a diagnostic test is warranted,” says Carlin.
Important: you do Not You need to surrender or euthanize your pet if he gets monkeypox, according to the CDC. The CDC also advises that you do so Not Wipe your pet with chemical disinfectants — such as hand sanitizer or rubbing alcohol — or put on a mask.
Can my pet get the monkeypox vaccine?
Mostly not. Carlin says the vaccine is only approved for humans at this time — and even some of us are having a hard time with it Vaccine access.
“I wouldn’t consider vaccinating exposed dogs or cats at this time, nor have I heard any talk of allowing vaccinations for cats or dogs,” Carlin says.
If you are exposed to someone with monkeypox, the best way to protect your pet is to vaccinate yourself as soon as possible. For more information on vaccine eligibility, read our guide to monkeypox vaccines.
reverse analysis – Currently, veterinarians do not care much about the spread of monkeypox to pets, but that may change in the future as the disease becomes more widespread.
#pet #monkeypox #vets