What is rabies? It is a deadly virus that spreads to humans through the saliva of infected animals. The rabies virus is usually spread through bites. Once a person begins to show signs or symptoms of rabies, it becomes difficult for them to survive. These people may be at risk of contracting rabies, so they should get the rabies vaccine for safety.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), rabies is almost 100% fatal once a person has symptoms. Pet dogs are responsible for transmitting the rabies virus to humans in 99% of cases. It is transmitted to humans and animals through bites or scratches, usually via saliva. The disease can be prevented by getting the rabies vaccine.
Symptoms of rabies
According to the Mayo Clinic, the first symptoms of rabies can be similar to those of the flu and may last for several days. Symptoms include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, nervousness, anxiety, confusion, hyperactivity, difficulty swallowing, excessive drooling, difficulty swallowing water, strange fear on the face, insomnia and paralysis.
When do you see a doctor?
If you have been bitten by an animal, or have been in contact with an animal suspected of having rabies, contact your vet immediately. Depending on your condition, your doctor can decide whether you should receive treatment to prevent rabies. Even if you do not know that an animal has bitten you, see a doctor. For example, a racket that flies into your room while you sleep can bite you without waking you.
What are the causes of rabies?
The rabies virus causes rabies infection. The virus is spread through the saliva of infected animals. Infected animals can spread the virus by biting another animal or person.
Rabies can also be caused by animal licking
In rare cases, rabies can spread when infected saliva enters an open wound or mucous membrane, such as the mouth or eyes. This can happen if an infected animal licks your skin.
What animals can get rabies?
Animals such as cats, cows, dogs, goats, horses, wildebeest, bats, beavers, wolves, foxes, and monkeys can easily transmit the rabies virus. That is why doctors always advise those who keep these animals to be more careful.
How to prevent rabies
Vaccinate pets Cats, dogs, and rodents can be vaccinated against rabies. Ask your vet how often your pet should be vaccinated.
Keep pets properly Keep your pets indoors and supervise them when you are outside. This will help prevent your pet from coming into contact with wild animals.
Protect small pets from predators Keep rabbits and other small pets, such as guinea pigs, inside or in sheltered cages to keep them safe from wild animals.
These measures will also work
Watch stray animals Contact your local animal control authorities to report stray dogs and cats.
Do not approach wild animals– Wild animals infected with rabies can seem frightening to people. It is not normal for a wild animal to be friendly with people, so stay away from any animal that appears to be fearless.
Driving bats home Seal any cracks and holes in the house where bats may enter your home. If you know you have bats in your home, work with a local expert to find ways to keep bats out.
Disclaimer: This article is for general information only. It cannot in any way be a substitute for any medication or treatment. Always contact your doctor for more details.
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