TThe Mid-Autumn Festival is celebrated by millions of people across East Asia on the fifteenth day of the eighth month of the lunar calendar. This means that the date of the festival changes every year in the Gregorian calendar, but it is always around the time of harvest moon. This year, the Mid-Autumn Festival falls on September 10th.
Some activities, such as staring at the moon and displaying lanterns, are popular in many Asian countries – such as the symbol of the rabbit on the moon. But there are a lot of local traditions too
Here’s a look at how the festival is celebrated:
Luminous lanterns are seen on Li Tong Street before the upcoming Mid-Autumn Festival on September 6, 2022 in Hong Kong, China.
Li Zhihua/China News Service via Getty Images
Legend they change Her ascent to the moon has long been associated with the Mid-Autumn celebrations in China.
Legends say that in ancient times the earth had 10 suns, which burned the world. A famous archer named Hu Yi drew his bow and shot the Nine Suns, to save humanity. For his heroic deed, the gods gave him an immortality pill, which he handed to his wife Chang-Ah for safekeeping. However, one of his followers, Peng Meng, tried to steal the pill while Hu Yi was out hunting – so Chang’e swallowed it to prevent it from falling into Peng Meng’s hands. She became immortal and floated on the surface of the moon, where she has lived ever since. Apart from Chang’e, on the moon there is also another resident: The jade rabbit.
in Chinese tradition, the full moon symbolizes family reunion, so the middle of autumn is a festival that is celebrated at home. People like the moon and eat moon cakesIt comes with a variety of fillings, from traditional salted egg yolk and lotus paste to contemporary versions with ice cream, fruit and custard fillings.
An employee arranges mooncakes in a supermarket as the Mid-Autumn Festival approaches, September 5, 2022, Handan, Hebei Province, China.
VCG / VCG via Getty Images
Lanterns play an important role in festivities. These days, paper lanterns lit by candles are rarely seen in the past. Most children carry a battery-operated assortment. Single-use glow sticks are also popular – resulting in pleas Environmentalists to restrict their use.
Some regions have their own moon festival customs. in eastern China Zhejiang Tidal county in the Qiantang River attracts many visitors. in Hunan In the province, women from the Dong ethnic group usually steal vegetables – because, according to legend, the goddess of the moon will wash them with “sweet dew” and whoever eats it will be healthy and happy.
South Koreans celebrate Chuseokalso known as Hngavi, at this time. It is one of the biggest and most important holidays in the country, along with SeollalOr the Lunar New Year.
Many return to their hometowns to celebrate the reunions of large families and hold memorial ceremonies Charito their ancestors. The day before and after it are also public holidays in South Korea, giving people time to head home. This year, CHoseok It is observed from September 9 to 12.
South Koreans traveling for their Chuseok vacation are seen at Incheon International Airport in Incheon, South Korea, on September 8, 2022.
SeongJoon Cho / Bloomberg via Getty Images
At festive gatherings, Koreans eat seungpyeon, a half-moon shaped rice cake filled with a semi-sweet filling, plus seasonal fruits and vegetables like persimmons and chestnuts. They also enjoy a range of entertainment, including gangsA traditional circular dance. And of course, when night falls, people go out to enjoy the full moon looking for the moon rabbit, or daltokki. The creature is said to be visible on the moon’s surface, busy making rice cakes.
japanese celebration Tsukimi, which translates to “look at the moon”. Like the Koreans, they try to identify the moon rabbit, called tsuki no usagi In Japanese, the animal performs its ceremonial task of making rice cakes known as mochi.
The festivities are said to date back to Japan’s Nara period (710-794). In the following Heian era (794-1185), Tsukimi It was popular among the aristocrats. Moon-watching parties, frequently held on boats, include drinking, listening to music, and composing poetry. By the Edo period (1603-1868) the tradition was widely enjoyed by the public.
In this file photo dated September 19, 2013, a dancer in Osaka, Japan, performs as part of the Sumiyoshi moon ritual, which is held every Mid-Autumn Festival
Zhang Bing/LightRocket via Getty Images
traditionally, Tsukimi It is characterized by decorating the house with pampas grass, to represent a bountiful harvest. Festive snacks included Tsukimi Dango, round rice dumplings symbolizing health and happiness, and seasonal produce such as chestnuts and pumpkin. Eggs are also consumed, as their oval white is felt to indicate the full moon. Even fast food brands get into the act, adding eggs to it burgers.
It is called Mid-Autumn Festival in Vietnam Tet Trung Thu Also known as Tate Thio Nhaor a children’s festival.
One of the famous tales associated with the festival is the story of a lumberjack named Chu Cuoi, who floated away with a magical banyan tree to the moon. It is said that one can see a koi under the tree on a full moon face. during the festivalAnd the Children carrying lanterns – said to help guide the koi when he returns to Earth – hang out in the streets watching lion dances.
Visitors take pictures with the Monkey King in costumes from Chinese mythology on September 26, 2020 in Hanoi, Vietnam. Mid-Autumn Festival is an occasion for a children’s night out and family gathering
Linh Fam / Getty Images
family sign Tet Trung Thu By placing cakes and fruit trays, symbolizing the piety of sons, in front of the altars of the ancestors in their homes. Mooncakes are also a staple in Vietnam, and they come in two types: Banh Nong (Oven-baked) and It’s a duet (fine crust).
some Three quarters of Singaporeans It is of Chinese origin, so many Mid-Autumn Festival customs and traditions from China are also observed in Singapore.
In the past, celebrations centered around Chinatown, with gold and star lanterns hanging from the shops on Temple Street and Smith Street. Traditional bakeries offer moon cakes.
This September 7, 2022 photo shows Mid-Autumn Festival decorations installed in Singapore’s Chinatown.
Then Chih Wey / Xinhua via Getty Images
These days, Singaporeans celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival with extravagant lantern shows held all over the city state at places like Gardens by the bay. Chinatown festivities are also on a larger scale. The area turns into a busy bazaar, with pop-up stalls selling decorative trinkets and festive snacks. There are also lantern-drawing competitions and live performances.
Moon gazing is still a big part of the festival, as the beach is a popular activity site.
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