Monkeypox can be transmitted from humans to pets: what do you know

Monkeypox can be transmitted from humans to pets: what do you know

  • The World Health Organization has described the recent outbreak of monkeypox as a “public health emergency of international concern”.
  • There have been more than 40,000 confirmed cases of monkeypox worldwide, with 12 deaths reported.
  • Until recently, the medical community believed that monkeypox was only transmitted from animal to human and from human to human.
  • Doctors from the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris recently reported the first suspected case of human-to-animal transmission of the virus.

The animal viral monkeypox virus is spread from certain types of animals that are known to transmit the virus to humans. From there, the virus is transmitted from an infected person to another person.

Now a new report in scalpel Provides evidence for the first suspected case of human-to-animal transmission of monkeypox virus. Doctors from the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris recently reported the first human case of transmitting the virus to a pet dog.

On July 23, 2022, he released World Health Organization The (WHO) declared the recent outbreak of monkeypox to be a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)”.

As of August, there were More than 40,000 confirmed cases of monkeypox worldwide, with 12 deaths reported.

Monkeypox is a viral infection in the same family as the smallpox virus. Symptoms of monkeypox may be similar to smallpox but are not severe, including:

A few days after having a fever, a A rash will develop on a person infected with monkeypox virus. The rash usually looks like a pimple or pimple and can appear on different areas of the body.

Some animals, including species of monkeys and squirrels, carry the virus. A person who has been bitten or scratched by an infected animal can contract monkeypox. In addition, a person who eats undercooked meat or a by-product of an infected animal can also contract the virus.

An infected human transmits the virus to other humans through close personal contact, including kissing, prolonged face-to-face contact, and sexual intercourse. In addition, touching the soft fabrics that a person with monkeypox sleeps on or wears can transmit the disease to another person.

According to the study, doctors from the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital reported that two co-existing male patients had symptoms of monkeypox, including fever, headache and rash.

Twelve days after onset of symptoms, a male Italian greyhound tested positive for monkeypox virus. The dog also had lesions associated with the disease. Dog owners told doctors that they sleep with their dog in the same bed. Doctors reportedly compared skin lesion samples from the dog and its owners and found it to be the same strain of virus.

according to Dr. Richard SilveraMD, associate director of the Infectious Disease Fellowship and assistant professor of medicine (infectious diseases) at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, it wasn’t surprising to hear that monkeypox can be transmitted to a dog. He concluded that the same types of human-to-human transmission of the virus — such as skin-to-skin contact or touching fabrics worn or sleeping by a person with the disease — would also work with human-to-animal transmission.

“So I imagine if you had a wound on your hand and you pet your dog, it’s theoretically possible for you to injure the dog that way,” Dr. Silvera explained. “Or if you had lesions on your body, you slept in a bed, and then the dog also slept in that bed, that would be a means of transmission. And the report noted that the dog was sleeping in the bed with the infected patients, so that was probably how the dog got infected. “.

And the Dr.. Laurie TellerThis was stated by the president of the American Veterinary Medical Association Pets not dogs It may also be susceptible to monkeypox from a human owner.

“Under experimental conditions, rabbits and mice – but not guinea pigs and hamsters – were found to show signs of monkeypox after oral and nasal exposure to the virus,” she said. MNT. Young rabbits (up to 10 days old) also appear capable of transmitting the virus to other rabbits. It is not clear if cats are sensitive to infection. However, given the available evidence regarding other Orthopoxvirusesit would be prudent to assume that cats may contract monkeypox and, accordingly, take appropriate measures to prevent infection or spread of the disease.”

“In the United States and other non-endemic areas, there is significant concern that monkeypox may spread to wildlife from infected people or domestic mammals, underscoring the importance of infection control measures to contain the disease,” Dr. Teller added.

While the transmission of monkeypox from human to human is a cause for concern, people are now concerned about giving it to their animals. What can people do to protect everyone in their homes — their pets included — if they have monkeypox?

“I will apply the same kind of thinking we use to human-to-human transmission to transfer animals,” explained Dr. Silvera. “If you have monkeypox and you live with other people or other creatures such as animals, try to isolate completely from others, so do not share linens, and do not share the bed, even with a dog or cat. I will not let them sleep in your bed if you have an active infection. to monkeypox.”

“Hand washing is going to be really important,” he continued. “Washing linens separate from the linens the family uses. And if they are in close contact, wearing a mask would be a way to protect your pets and your family.”

Dr. Teller said at the beginning Signs of monkeypox in animals Signs of other infectious diseases are similar to the more common ones. “These include fever, cough, red eyes, runny nose, lethargy and poor appetite,” she explained. “If you notice these signs in your pet, and the pet has not been exposed to anyone with monkeypox, it is possible that the cause is something else. However, these signs indicate that your pet is sick and should be seen by the vet.”

“If your pet develops at least two of these signs or develops a blister-like or pimple-like rash within 21 days after potential contact with someone with monkeypox, contact your vet immediately,” Dr. Teller continued. “They can advise you on next steps, including testing to confirm infection. Do not give up, euthanize, or abandon your pet because they may have been exposed to an infected person.”

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